Cervical cancer is caused by the Human Papilloma virus, a sexually transmitted infection. Certain types of the HPV virus are linked to the risk of developing cervical cancer or other cancers such as anal, mouth and throat cancers.
There are vaccines for the HPV virus that can reduce the risk of developing cervical cancer by 70 - 90 percent. Boys and men should get the HPV vaccine before they are 26 years of age. Girls and women should get the HPV vaccine before they are 45 years of age.
Pap Tests screen for cervical cancer. Ontario women aged 21-69 are encouraged to have a pap test every 3 years as part of the